5 edition of The Extended Phenotype found in the catalog.
The Extended Phenotype
May 31, 1984 by Oxford University Press, USA .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||320|
It is legitimate to speak of adaptations as being 'for the benefit of' something, but that something is best not seen as the individual organism. I suppose part of the reason genes have become deterministic bogeys is a confusion resulting from the well-known fact of the non-inheritance of acquired characteristics. The best example of this is the one Dawkins uses repeatedly, the example of the beaver dam. The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students. I am not saying that the selfish organism view is necessarily wrong, but my argument, in its strong form, is that it is looking at the matter the wrong way up. Though I'm pretty sure that he claimed it in The Selfish Gene as well, this book is entirly dedicated to demonstrate that natural selection acts at the level of the gene.
I found significant effects of prior exposure of vermetids on coral traits, and plasticity of the microbiome, but no evidence of a weakened vermetid effect. It's a refreshing start to his most serious effort. But are there other cases where our imagination receives no such prompting? Earlier chapters prepare the ground, attempt to forestall certain risks of misunderstanding, dissect the first face of the Necker Cube in various ways, point up reasons why the paradigm of the selfish individual, if not actually incorrect, can lead to difficulties. No, to renounce those gains is far from my intention.
Corals experience a myriad of stressors, including interactions with algae, which can decrease coral growth and survival. I suspect that both Rose and Gould are determinists in that they believe in a physical, materialistic basis for all our actions. If society systematically trains children without penises to knit and play with dolls, and trains children with penises to play with guns and toy soldiers, any resulting differences in male and female preferences are strictly speaking genetically determined differences! This book as a whole, then, is a work of advocacy, but it is a poor advocate that leaps precipitately to his conclusion when the jury are sceptical. Consider another thought experiment, this time from evolutionary biology.
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As is the way with advocates, I shall try to make the strongest case I can, and this means the case for the wilder hopes rather than the more cautious minimum expectations.
Indeed, the particular run of the simulation that I published culminated in a mixed male population in which faithfulness slightly predominated Dawkins a, p.
Genes synthesize only proteins[ edit ] A cathedral termite mound — a small animal with a large extended phenotype Dawkins argues that the only thing that genes control directly is the synthesis of proteins. It isn't scientific. Gene-centred view of life[ edit ] In conducting this argument, Dawkins aims to strengthen the case for a gene-centric view of life, to the point where it is recognized that the organism itself needs to be explained.
Not very easy to follow, indeed. This book is no pop-science. Chapter 7 is a digression on research methodology.
If so, this might tell us something about the tenacity, in the face of a particular environmental manipulation, of a genetic difference. Pages upon pages of references to other books and papers, arguments from one author to another, and so on. Algal presence led to the greatest changes in microbial communities.
By the way, there is so much in the book that could be used here, for example whole articles on things like constraints on evolutionary perfectionsegregation distorters and host manipulation by parasites. This book as a whole, then, is a work of advocacy, but it is a poor advocate that leaps precipitately to his conclusion when the jury are sceptical.
Although he delivers his narration as if sitting with you in a quiet study, you may still need to review his words more than The essentials of life's story: Biodiversity is more than a buzzword for ecologists.
There was no presumption that philandering was more likely in males than faithfulness. Nor, nowadays, do most of us ask how the behaviour of a group of organisms, or the structure of an ecosystem, benefits that group or ecosystem.
The mosquitoes are significantly more attracted to human breath and odours than uninfected mosquitoes. The proof is easy, provided only that we accept, as everyone does, that beetle and deer have a common ancestor, however far back.
Corals experience a myriad of stressors, including interactions with algae, which can decrease coral growth and survival. I am not necessarily objecting to this focus of attention on individual organisms, merely calling attention to it as something that we take for granted.The Extended Phenotype Quotes Showing of 5 “The facts are as follows.
The total amount of DNA in different organisms is very variable, and the variation does not. Nov 01, · The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students. But Dawkins' clear exposition is accessible to all who are prepared to put in a little effort.
Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think/5(K). The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students.
But Dawkins' clear exposition is accessible to all who are prepared to put in a little effort. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we Cited by: In The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins crystallized the gene's eye view of evolution developed by W.D.
Hamilton and others. The book provoked widespread and heated debate. Written in part as a response, The Extended Phenotype gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as the unit of selection; but it did much more besides.
In it, Dawkins extended the gene's eye view to argue 4/5(11). The Extended Phenotype carries on from where The Selfish Gene takes off. It is a fascinating look at the evolution of life and natural selection.
Dawkins's theory is that individual organisms are replicators that have extended phenotypic effects on society and the world at large, thus our genes have the ability to manipulate other individuals/10(22).
“The Extended Phenotype – The Long Reach of the Gene” is the book Richard Dawkins wants you to read “if you read nothing else of mine” because “It is probably the finest thing I shall ever write.” It purports to be about science, for scientists, yet at the very .